Let's start with the basics -- what is human trafficking? Here's a clear definition from the National Human Trafficking Hotline:


Learn more about the types of trafficking, and why modern day slavery still exists here

human trafficking stats

Slavery exists in plain sight because most people aren't able to identify human trafficking when they come in contact with it. Learn to spot the signs by studying the following clues. Remember, these may help you to identify a POSSIBLE VICTIM of MODERN DAY SLAVERY.
        • Is not free to leave or come and go as he/she wishes
        • Is under 18 and is providing commercial sex acts
        • Is in the commercial sex industry and has a pimp / manager
        • Is unpaid, paid very little, or paid only through tips
        • Works excessively long and/or unusual hours
        • Is not allowed breaks or suffers under unusual restrictions at work
        • Owes a large debt and is unable to pay it off
        • Was recruited through false promises concerning the nature and conditions of his/her work
        • High security measures exist in the work and/or living locations (e.g. opaque windows, boarded up windows, bars on windows, barbed wire, security cameras, etc.)
        • Is fearful, anxious, depressed, submissive, tense, or nervous/paranoidExhibits unusually fearful or anxious behavior after bringing up law enforcement
        • Avoids eye contact
        • Lacks health care
        • Appears malnourished
        • Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement, or torture
        • Lacks health care
        • Appears malnourished
        • Shows signs of physical and/or sexual abuse, physical restraint, confinement, or torture
        • Claims of just visiting and inability to clarify where he/she is staying/address
        • Lack of knowledge of whereabouts and/or do not know what city he/she is in
        • Loss of sense of time
        • Has numerous inconsistencies in his/her story
If you think you've encountered a victim of human trafficking, call the NATIONAL HUMAN TRAFFICKING HOTLINE NUMBER:
RESOURCES: The Polaris Project | www.PolarisProject.org


Check out these books for a deep dive into human trafficking education. You'll learn about each form of modern day slavery, read accounts from survivors, and discover how to make an impact. This is an ever-growing list, so keep checking back!
Pro-tip: If you decide to purchase books from Amazon, make sure to enable AmazonSmile. Choose your favorite anti-trafficking organization to pair with your account, and for each eligible sale, Amazon will donate 0.5% of the purchase price. 


The Slave Next Door: Human Trafficking and Slavery in America Today 
by Kevin Bales

Runaway Girl: Escaping Life on the Streets
by Carissa Phelps

Disposable People: New Slavery in the Global Economy
by Kevin Bales 

Blood and Earth: Modern Slavery, Ecocide, and the Secret to Saving the World        
by Kevin Bales

Not for Sale: The Return of the Global Slave Trade-and How We Can Fight It
by David Batstone

A Crime So Monstrous: Face-to-Face with Modern-Day Slavery
by E. Benjamin Skinner

Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide
by Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn